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Ilyushin Aircraft Design History Of The Creation

IL-2, IL-10, IL-4 were designed in the Soviet aircraft designer Ilyushin. Ilyushin became an academician of the ussr in 1968, the colonel-general engineering and technical services (1967), also grew three times Hero of Socialist Labour in 1941, 1957 and 1974. In the Soviet army in January 1919. He started as aircraft mechanic and then he was promoted to the Commissar, and in 1921 became chief of Aircraft already train. Ilyushin was trained at the Air Force Academy named after ne until 1926, now it is called vvia. During the time that he studied at the Academy built three gliders. The most famous was the last under the name "Moscow".

He became famous in competitions in Germany, received first place for the duration of flight. After graduating from the academy, the Ilyushin becomes head of the section of scientific and technical committee, the Air Force. Then starts working on a research airfield bbc. In 1931 he received the following improvement – became head of the cdb TsAGI. In 1933 he headed the Central Clinical Hospital in Moscow plant named vr, , later it was renamed the Ilyushin Design Bureau. Activities of the factory was linked to the development of assault bombardment, as the passenger and transport aircraft. And since 1935, Ilyushin becomes chief designer, and then it increased in January 1956 to chief designer. He remains so until 1970.

His achievements as well is that he created a school of aircraft, as well has under his leadership were designed a number of experienced and pilot combat aircraft, and, of course, a series of planes – Il -2, IL-10 bombers, IL-4, Il-28 passenger aircraft IL-12, IL-14, IL-18, IL- 62. What was the contribution of Ilyushin? It became clear only with the onset of the Great Patriotic War. His storm troopers formed the basis of Soviet military attack aircraft. They have worked closely with ground waxes and maintained aircraft at all as a whole. Let's look at each of the aircraft separately and a little deeper. Let's start with the IL-2 – is one of the massive military aircraft of the period. What reached the Ilyushin in the creation of this aircraft? He decided many important scientific and technological problems, in particular his able to develop manufacturing technology the tank's hull with a large curvature of contours, as well as, importantly, to use the armor as a power plane design aircraft and others. Feature Ilyushin in the development of what he paid great attention to economic issues. This was reflected in the IL-28 bomber, which was approaching the complexity of building fighter aircraft. He managed to combine well in this model performance characteristics of flight, means of destruction and means of protection to the general weight balance aircraft. Thus, the Ilyushin used the rational, progressive methods of design in all its work, as in the establishment of military aircraft, and in creating passenger. He created a new type of chassis. th analysis. Ilyushin was awarded a gold medal Aviation fai. And in 1960 – the Lenin Prize. Him many times awarded ussr State Prize – a 19,421 year, 1942, 1943, 1946, 1947, 1950, 1952 and 1971. He set the order, such as the Order of Lenin (8), Order of the October Revolution, Order of Red Banner (2). And the name of the designer Ilyushin carries to this day Moscow Engineering Works.

Sat, May 27 2017 » News